This page contains detailed information on how to become a successful MAAS documentation writer. Welcome to the club.
An individual doc contribution ends up as a PR (pull request) on GitHub. The process involved in producing one is described on the Working with Git and GitHub page.
Prior to submitting a PR the contributor must verify that the HTML is good. See Building the docs for how to do this.
A Documentation team member will review your PR, suggest improvements, and eventually merge it with the appropriate branch (series). Publication to the website is a separate step (performed internally), so it can be a few days before the changes actually show up. Please be patient!
Style and language
Please follow these guidelines for style and language:
- Use a spell checker.
- Resist being overly formal.
- Verify hyperlinks and examples.
- Target audience: intermediate system administrator, not a developer.
- Use British English (en-GB). See language details, including a comparison with American English (en-US).
- Use a maximum of 79 columns for files. Here are instructions for the vim editor.
- An exception to the above is a hyperlink. Never break one with a carriage
return. This includes the
[label]: destinationcombinations. See hyperlinks.
GitHub Flavored Markdown
This documentation is written in GitHub Flavored Markdown. GFM conventions have been added to support features such as foldouts and admonishments.
GFM is very easy to write with. Get started by looking over the below resources:
Metadata can be included in any file. Currently, this is used for:
- title element
- TODO list (file improvements)
- table of contents
This information is written as key:value pairs at the very top of the page. For example:
Title: Install from ISO TODO: images need updating when Ubuntu 17.04 is released check for changes to bug https://pad.lv/1625211 and modify text accordingly table_of_contents: True # Title of document Text goes here blah blah blah
- The TODO items must be left-aligned as shown above.
- The table of contents will contain only level 2 headers.
- The metadata section is terminated by a blank line.
Headers are simple to create:
# Top level header (typically the same as the Title element) ## Second level header ### Third level header
A code block is enclosed by three backticks and includes the type of code:
```bash maas command do something maas command do something else ```
The most common types used are:
The last is like a miscellaneous type. It is often used to display command
Use a backtick to
inline filenames and other literals like this:
Use a backtick to `inline filenames and other literals`.
An admonishment distinguishes information from the rest of the text. The syntax begins with 3 exclamation points:
!!! [admonishment-type] "[title]": [aligned text]
admonishment-typecan be 'Note', 'Warning', 'Positive', or 'Negative'.
titleis an optional title (visible in HTML)
aligned textis the text
When a value for 'title' is omitted, the default will be the type itself. If the 'title' has a null value (i.e. "") then no title will be displayed.
A standard 'Note' type admonishment:
!!! Note: If KVM-backed nodes are used, ensure that the 'maas' user on the rack controller can connect to the KVM host using a passphraseless private SSH key.
A standard 'Warning' type admonishment:
!!! Warning: Data will be lost unless you do the right thing.
A 'Positive' type admonishment with title:
!!! Positive "High score": A positive note that should include a title.
A 'Negative' type admonishment with title:
!!! Negative "Game over": A negative note that should include a title.
A 'Positive' type admonishment with no title:
!!! Positive "": I'm done, and I feel fine.
The above examples will appear as:
Note: If KVM-backed nodes are used, ensure that the 'maas' user on the rack controller can connect to the KVM host using a passphraseless private SSH key.
Warning: Data will be lost unless you do the right thing.
High score: A positive note that should include a title.
Game over: A negative note that should include a title.
I'm done, and I feel fine.
Occasionally it may be appropriate to include a comment to explain or organize some text. This ends up as an HTML comment which can be read online so take it seriously:
<!-- The below text may be removed soon. -->
When a page contains a lot of extraneous information such as walkthroughs containing many images or reference tables, a foldout can be used. This will create a collapsed header which, when clicked, will expand to display all the content below it.
^# Header Content can be multi-paragraphed and will be sent through the Markdown parser as long as content is continually indented under the header.
Links to internal files or external URLs use the following format:
visible text is what will appear on the web page. The
label is used to
refer to the destination, which is placed at the bottom of the file:
<!-- LINKS --> [label]: destination
- For more on this topic see [DHCP][dhcp]. - To understand haproxy, see the [upstream configuration manual][upstream-haproxy-manual]. ... [dhcp]: installconfig-networking-dhcp.md [upstream-haproxy-manual]: http://cbonte.github.io/haproxy-dconv/1.6/configuration.html
The visible text should use an active style as opposed to a passive style. For instance, try to avoid:
A [proxy][maas-proxy] can optionally be configured.
- An internal page is referred to by its source filename (i.e.
- Try to use the same
label:destinationpair throughout the documentation.
An image should not be overly cropped - allow for context. When ready, place
the image file in the
In terms of linking, they are managed very similarly to hyperlinks. However, they are placed on their own line; are preceded by an exclamation point; and both the label and destination have a specific naming convention:
The bottom of the file will look like:
filename: name of file containing the image (omit the extension '.md')
webui: version of MAAS corresponding to the image of the web UI
alt attribute: text that is shown in place of the image if the latter cannot be displayed for some reason
descriptor: a short description of the image (e.g. 'enable-dhcp')
![enable dhcp][img__2.1_enable-dhcp] ![enable fire alarm][img__enable-fire-alarm] ... [img__2.1_enable-dhcp]: ../media/installconfig-networking-dhcp__2.1_enable-dhcp.png [img__enable-fire-alarm]: ../media/installconfig-networking-dhcp__enable-fire-alarm.png
If the image is not of the MAAS web UI then simply omit the version part, like in the second image above.
Central images directory
For publication (on the web site), all branch series use the
in the 'master' branch. This means:
- You must be very careful when renaming or removing an image in master as it will affect all non-master branches.
- Any image introduced in a non-master branch must be forward-ported to the master branch.
The naming of a file is based upon its location in the menu (see below). This
makes it easier for the reader and the writer to build up a mental model of how
the set of pages is structured. For example, the page corresponding to file
installconfig-network-dhcp.md is found under 'Install & Configure' and then
Do not use a "Caps Everywhere" style. It is only used in level one headers and the title metadata. References (visible text) to these page titles (including the navigation) should just capitalize the first letter. Obviously, this does not pertain to words that should always be capitalized according to basic grammar rules (e.g. acronyms, proper nouns).
Adding a page (file) to the documentation may require the altering of
metadata.yaml. Doing so will insert an entry into the left navigation pane
(the menu) on the website. This is considered a major change so ensure your PR
includes a comment highlighting this change and why it is needed.